Even though most headaches have similar symptoms, the causes behind them usually vary. For example, migraines are actually a neurological problem. Migraines are intense, throbbing headaches that differ from other types of headaches. There may also be a genetic component behind migraines. Other types of headaches include tension headaches and sinus headaches. Tension headaches result from spinal misalignment or tense, tight muscles in the neck and back of the head. Pressure and inflammation in the sinus cavities cause sinus headaches; allergies and infections can also occur with sinus headaches. Sinus headaches and migraines can last for a few days. Cluster headaches, which occur repeatedly in one day, usually only affect one eye or one side of the head.
A headache is a symptom of a migraine but only one out of several neurological symptoms. Migraines usually cause severe pain on one side of the head and can affect your vision like blurriness or flashing lights. Tingling and numbness can also occur in the face. Some migraines can even cause temporary paralysis, slurred speech, impaired coordination, and balance, as well as mental confusion. Most migraines have certain triggers, like alcohol or other dietary factors.
Genetics may be a factor behind several types of headaches since they tend to run in families, especially migraines. Mental health and headaches may also have a genetic or biological connection. People with certain mental health conditions like depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorders, are also more susceptible to having daily headaches. Women tend to be more prone to headaches, particularly migraines, than men. Sleep disturbances and stress can also trigger headaches.
Every patient is different, therefore treatment will vary based on specific needs. Tension headaches and headaches caused by spinal misalignment usually respond well to chiropractic treatment. Chiropractors also treat sinus headaches with a sinus adjustment that targets the bones and mucous membranes lining the sinus cavities. Spinal adjustments can also alleviate migraine symptoms since they affect the entire nervous system.
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